Cultural life in Buenos Aires



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Street view of Buenos Aires' centrical zone, and huge epicenter of cultural life.


The culture of the City of BuenosAires shares many characteristics with the culture ofthe Río de la Plata. Not only shares language features, but also diverse roots that form the culture of the region. Diversity is given by the large number of immigrants who arrived to the area during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which turned Buenos Aires into a cultural melting pot.

Buenos Aires is a city that has a lot of cultural diversity, which leads to a rich variety of cultural proposals. The vast array of theatre plays that are performed every night, its historical cafes, and its many musical shows every night constitute the ideal environment for a cosmopolitan place like Buenos Aires. Moreover, the huge variety of culinary proposals which offers from every country, and an unbelievable quantity of museums with always changing runway of international art exhibitions give Buenos Aires international level.

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Here, a photo of a famous Buenos Aires' cafe: Los Angelitos. A beautifull meeting place, where you can enjoy Tango music and shows. Also, there is a sublevel with a Tango museum, which has works about Argentinian and Tango history.

At the same time, this level works as a gift shop and a meeting room. In this gift shop the seller is a woman dressed like a Tango dancer.
Nearby, in Recoleta, we can find the "Centro Cultural de Recoleta", in which there are a number of itinerant exhibitions mixed with permanent works. For example, in this week you can appreciate the awesome work of Juan Doffo, an extraordinary painter, that s - funny fact - studies Cabalah. This artist is very commited to the Jewish community: when the Amia exploded, a number of artist, including him, auctioned their works in order to raise money to the Memoria Activa organisation, which works to find the truth about what really happened. Here you can enjoy one of his works.

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It's not unusual to the walking down the street and to find yourselve amused by the unexpected founding of an unknown cultural fact, interesting place or exhibition. The amount of cultural information available is sometimes overwhelming.

Another event going on right now in Buenos Aires, is the Buenos Aires Jazz Festival (The eleventh edition)






Popular music in the early twentieth century was the Tango, but began to decline from the second half of this century, it resurfaced in recent years in the classic style combined with electronic music. The best known exponent is the singer Carlos Gardel, recognized not only locally but also internationally, both at the time as at present. But do not forget the big bands, like Aníbal Troilo, Osvaldo Pugliese and Mariano Mores, or great lyricists such as Enrique Santos Discépolo and Homero Manzi.

For mid-century came new singers, tango retained some popularity through personalities such as Julio Sosa, Edmundo Rivero and Roberto Goyeneche, as well as new trends emerged, whose greatest exponent was Astor Piazzolla. Piazzolla's music underwent a great change after his trip to Paris in 1954 where he studied with Nadia Boulanger and learned from musicians like Gerry Mulligan. In this way, his music began to be influenced by jazz, introducing two new concepts in the tango: the swing and counterpoint. In the late twentieth century another trend emerged in the tango, and was its merger with electronic music. New groups emerged, both in Argentina and the rest of the world, highlighting Bajofondo Tango Club, Tanghetto and Gotan Project.

From the end of the decade of 1960, as in many urban centers in the country, did the National Rock, following the explosion and evolution of rock had been internationally in the decade. Its exponents at first were often persecuted by the police, because of the authoritarian regimes that existed in the country. The pioneers of this genre used to meet in certain bars, cafes and squares, the most famous places of assembly "The Cave" and "La Perla del Once".

Along with Rosario are the birthplace of punk rock in Argentina the 80 and 90.

The city has also had influences from cumbia, and style the quartet emerged in the late twentieth century in the poorest areas of the City and Greater Buenos Aires, cumbia slum. In recent years there has been an important development of reggae, with the creation of many groups and festivals.
[Edit] Gastronomy

The city's cuisine is as varied as the rest of culture, including meat, fish, pasta and pies. Regarding the red meat of excellent quality and characteristic of Argentina, the roast should be noted: The different cuts of beef are usually accompanied by sausage, sweetbreads, chitterlings and puddings. The most consumed fish are hake, croaker, flounder, sea bream and mackerel, plus a large number of alternatives that are caught in the Atlantic Coast and the country's rivers. Another tradition of Buenos Aires are the pastas, and Italian cuisine that is widespread in the region, and used to be a tradition of family gatherings on Sunday in which they enjoyed a bowl of noodles, gnocchi, cannelloni, lasagna or ravioli.
See also: Cuisine of Argentina
[Edit] Traditions

The city has a very broad cultural spectrum due to the diversity of those who have lived throughout history. Examples are the slang, filleting and carnival.
[Edit] Slang

The slang originated in Buenos Aires was developed and extended from the mid nineteenth century in poor areas of the City of Buenos Aires, Rosario and Montevideo with the great contribution of Italian immigration. The Lunfardo language began as prison inmates, so that the guards would not understand, in the late nineteenth century. Many of the expressions arrived with European immigrants (mainly Italians). Other words came from the typical gaucho language. Originally, also had contributions from France, especially the Occitan language, English Galician and Portuguese, among others. It also includes native words, especially the language Quechua, Guarani, and Mapuche, and others of African origin. Today, few terms have been incorporated lunfardos language spoken all over Argentina and Uruguay.1
[Edit] Flieteado
The thread is a popular art of the city.

The thread is an artistic style of painting and drawing typical of Buenos Aires, which is characterized by lines that become spirals, strong colors, the recurrent use of symmetry, three-dimensional effects using shadows and perspectives, and use overloaded the surface. His repertoire includes mainly decorative designs of leaves, animals, cornucopias, flowers, flags, and precious stones.

It often occurs in contexts related to tango, design and advertising. Usually included within the work, one-liners, humorous sayings or aphorisms poetic, emotional or philosophical, sometimes written in slang, and ornate lettering, usually gothic or italics.

Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in late nineteenth century as a simple ornament to beautify animal-drawn carts carrying food and eventually became a pictorial art of the city itself, to the point which became the emblem iconographic best represents the city.

In 2006, the Buenos Aires Legislature declared Cultural Heritage filleting of the City of Buenos Aires after enactment of the Act 1941.2
[Edit] Carnival

During the month of February was held during the four weekends of Carnival Celebrations, where the different street musicians participate in the parades and dances. Since 1997 the activities of these groups are considered Cultural Heritage of the City, and through that in 2006 there are 103 street bands, covering more than 14,000 people. It is estimated that in 2005 attended the festivities 800,000 people, distributed in the 43 Corsicans carried out in different neighborhoods.

Buenos Aires Carnival was also a form of social protest and politics, covering topics such as integration problems that existed in the city during the waves of immigration in the early twentieth century to the scourges of corruption today. For this reason, different governments have tried to control them until the June 9, 1976 Carnival holidays were eliminated by the decree law 21 329.

Each Murga has its colors and its name, accompanied by the name of the neighborhood in which they were created. Porteñas Murgas representations used in different art forms: music, poetry, theater and visual arts. Rehearsals for the carnival are intensified since last January, where he began to be practiced in places, clubs or gyms.

Each performance consists of three stages: a parade entry, a central number and parade songs of withdrawal. The parade entry is headed by a banner, which shows the name of the murga, the year of its founding and year of the carnival. The banner is often accompanied by typical characters, such as flame throwers, clowns and stilt walkers, who made the opening for the arrival of the Murga, with their bright costumes and fanfare. The parade takes place in order of age, children first, called pets, young people and then close the drums and the directors of the murga.

The middle number is composed of songs, which are usually three: presentation, criticism and parody or farewell. The tunes are songs from popular music and sung by one or two members, accompanied by a choir. The song describes the group presentation and expressed the desire to entertain. Criticism is the most important part of the representation, there are important events and characters parody of the city, expressing their opinion on them. The farewell song is nostalgic melodies, which are usually of famous tangos, in apologizing for the offenses and promises to return.

The farewell parade reproduces the order of entry, the public accompanying the murga until the end of the parade, marked by the drums. Buenos Aires Carnival retains a social content that have lost many of the existing carnivals not only in South America, but in Argentina itself.
[Edit] Museums
National Museum of Fine Arts, one of the most important museums in Argentina.

In the city of Buenos Aires are installed over 140 museums, whether public or private. Of the Ministry of Culture of the City of Buenos Aires, through the Directorate General of Museums, ten museums depend: Hispanic American Art Museum Isaac Fernández Blanco Museum of Modern Art in Buenos Aires, the Museum of Spanish Art Enrique Larreta, Fine Arts Museum Eduardo Sivori, the Museo de Arte Popular Jose Hernandez, Luis Perlotti Sculpture Museum, the Museo del Cine Pablo Ducrós Hicken, the Museo Casa Carlos Gardel, the Historical Museum of Buenos Aires Cornelio de Saavedra and the Museum of the City. The Directorate General of Museums is located in the Museum Center of Buenos Aires, which was previously located where the Brewery Munich, designed by Andrés Kálnay opened in 1927. Can also be found in the city museums dependent from the national government, among which are the National Historical Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts and the National Museum of Decorative Arts.

The Museo Casa Carlos Gardel was inaugurated on March 4, 2003, is based on the reconstruction of the life of Carlos Gardel, both the character and the myth. The seat is a typical sausage from the early twentieth century, and was purchased in 1927 by Gardel himself for his mother, with whom he lived at the site until 1933.

The National Museum of Fine Arts is located in the Recoleta neighborhood, opened in 1896 and has an extensive collection of national and international art. You can find works by artists as Berni, Quinquela Martin, Spilimbergo, Fader, De la Cárcova, Curatella Manes and I followed, and international artists such as Picasso, Goya, Rodin, Manet, Monet, El Greco and Van Gogh.
The Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires is responsible for the exhibition, preservation, study and diffusion of Latin American art.

The National Museum of Decorative Arts was originally the family home Errazuriz Alvear. Opened in 1937, and through its decoration shows the lifestyle of upper-class Buenos Aires in the early twentieth century. The house was built from a draft René Sergent, and is an example of the French eclectic architecture that developed during the period. The museum features porcelain, jewelry, tapestries, sculptures and furniture from the fourteenth to the twentieth centuries and artistic heritage includes works by El Greco, Manet, Camille Corot, Eugène Boudin and Henri Fantin-Latour.

The Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires houses 228 works from the Colección Constantini. Exhibits works by American artists, dating from the early twentieth century to the present. Your estate consists of, among others, works by Frida Kahlo, Wilfredo Lam, Diego Rivera, Joaquín Torres García, Antonio Berni, Pedro Figari, Lygia Clark, Guillermo Kuitca and Jose Bedia Valdés.

The Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences Bernardino Rivadavia is one of the largest science museums in Latin America. It has the theme of the fauna, flora, mineralogy, geology and paleontology in Argentina. Highlights its paleontology hall which displays replicas of various dinosaurs (the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous) found in the country. Also on display are a number of invertebrate and plant fossils, and you can see a meteorite weighing more than four tons (called the Toba) who fell in the Argentine Chaco.
See also: Category: Museums in the City of Buenos Aires
[Edit] Arts

CCR Centro Cultural Recoleta, Recoleta (Buenos Aires) - Junin 1930 4807-3260

Centro Cultural Borges

Cultural Center of Spain in Buenos Aires

Centro Cultural MOCA

Spanish American Art Museum

Malba Museum of Latin American Art of Buenos Aires

MNBA National Museum of Fine Arts

MAMBA Museum of Modern Art in Buenos Aires

Luis Perlotti Sculpture Museum

Fine Arts Museum Eduardo Sivori
[Edit] Theatres
Main Category: Theatres in the City of Buenos Aires
The Teatro Colón, one of the most important opera houses in the world.
Café Tortoni, one of the most popular Notable bars and the oldest of the city, began operations in the year 1858.3

The City of Buenos Aires offers a wide variety of theater proposals, both in commercial theaters, state or independent. The theaters under the Government of the City are the Teatro Colon and the establishments run by the Theatre Complex of Buenos Aires: General San Martín Theatre, Regio, the Bank, Sarmiento and Alvear. A significant number of theaters are located in the Avenida Corrientes and its surroundings, such as the Teatro Maipo.

The theatrical activities had a decrease of both spectators and quantity of features, during the decade of 1990. Since 2002 there has been a significant increase in the number of spectators attending the theaters, but not so with the number of features presented. The number of features similar to the average stays occurred during the decade of 1990, which determined that there is an increase in the number of function with respect to public figures of that decade.
[Edit] Notable Bars

The city has a select group of about 60 bars known as Notable bars that feature protagonists have been an important part of the history of city.4 Many of them have been officially recognized as a Cultural Heritage of the City of Buenos Aires . These bars are supported by official government programs of the City of Buenos Aires.5
See also: List of notable bars
[Edit] Libraries
National Library Building, the largest library in Argentina.

City government depends 26 public libraries, to which are added the House of Poetry and children 8 annexes, which have more than 300,000 copies. Libraries has also not dependent on the local government and the National Library, the Library of National Congress, National Library of Teachers, Argentina Library for the Blind, the Library of Teachers and the large number of libraries attached to universities or national private institutions.

The National Library, located in the Recoleta neighborhood, is the largest in the country. Inaugurated in 1810, but its current site dates from 1992. Among its incunabula can be found, among others, an edition of The Divine Comedy, 1484, and a sheet of the first Bible printed by Gutenberg.

The Library of National Congress had its formal origin on August 23, 1859, Law No. 212. At first it worked exclusively within the Palace of Congress in 1974 opened the headquarters of Alsina 1835, while the headquarters of Hipólito Yrigoyen 1750, which formerly operated the National Savings and Insurance, was ceded in 1994. It currently has a bibliographical heritage more than 2,000,000 pieces, making it one of the most complete libraries in the world.
[Edit] Festivals and fairs
Exhibition Centre belonging to the GCBA, located in the Recoleta neighborhood.

Thanks to cultural diversity in the city are organized festivals of the most varied themes. During the first months of the year, the Festival Buenos Aires Tango, where different shows are offered related to the tango and dance classes are offered for both beginners and advanced dancers. Closing the festival is a massive outdoor milonga in the intersection of Diagonal Norte and Maipu.

Also takes place during the month of April the Independent Film Festival of Buenos Aires (BAFICI), which is one of the most important film festivals in the country. The festival venues are usually the cinema complex located in the Market Supply and different theaters, generally located on Avenida Corrientes.

The city hosts several music festivals, such as the Martha Argerich Festival. The festival offers symphonic and chamber concerts, and is organized by the renowned pianist Martha Argerich Argentina. In addition, organized in the second half of a rock festival, the Pepsi Music Festival. Within ten days of the festival presents more than one hundred bands, both Argentina and abroad. Finally, during the last months of the year, Buenos Aires is home to Creamfields, one of the most important festivals of electronic music in the world.

The International Book Fair of Buenos Aires is the largest Spanish-speaking, since during the three-week attend the fair more than 1,200,000 visitors. At the show exposed publishers, booksellers and distributors, and can attend the lectures of renowned writers and scientists. In addition, the Book Fair focuses much of the year retail sales, due to the great promotion done by different producers there.

The city has two large exhibition halls as La Rural, an area of ​​45,000 m2, and an Exhibition Centre of 23,000 m2 belonging to the Government of the City of Buenos Aires. These properties are held annually a large number of fairs, congresses and events.